Fire Safety

Introduction

Each year people die or are seriously injured as a result of fires at work. Besides loss of life, fire costs UK business millions of pounds, from damage to property, loss of business, fines, compensation claims and insurance premiums. Many fires can be avoided by taking fire precautions. If a fire does break out, the effects can be minimised by having effective controls and procedures in place.

The Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2006

The Law changed in 2006 in regards to workplace Fire Safety and previous legislation was replace by the Regulatory Reform Order 2006- more commonly known as the RRO. This change in legisaltion now requires a Fire Risk Assessment to be place and the legislation covers the following premises:
  • Offices and Shops;
  • Care Homes and Nursing Homes;
  • Pubs, Clubs and Restaurants;
  • Community Centres, Village Halls and Scout Huts etc;
  • Places of Worship
  • Houses in Multiple Occupation;
  • Hotels and Hospitals;
  • Factories, Warehouses and Industrial Units;
  • Hoiliday Cottages, Guesthouses and B&Bs.
The Legisaltion places clear responsibility on the owner or manager to undertake a Fire Risk Assessment, although this can delegated to a competent person, and requires the following:
  • To identify the risk or potential risks caused by fire;
  • To consider the people that may at risk from fire and to make appropriae arrangements for those with a disability;
  • To reduce the level of risk from fire as far as is reasonably practicable and where there is residual risk to provide general fire precations;
  • To control the risk fron flammable or explosive materials that are used or stored with the premises;
  • To record your findings and create an emergency plan for dealing an emergency;
  • To review the findings and update accordingly.

Training

All employees must be provided with instruction and training so as to know how to react in case a fire occurrs. The training should include how to raise the alarm, how to contact the Fire Service, use of Fire Safety Equipment, evacuation of the building and basic fire prevention techniques.
                                   
                        

Defintion of a competent person.

"A person is to be regarded as competent for the purposes of the Fire Safety Order where he or she has sufficient training and experience and other qualities to enable them to properly assist in undertaking the protective and prevantative measures".

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